Wp/pgh/Andrew Carnaygie

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Carnaygie in 1913

Andrew Carnaygie (Standard Inglish an Scotch: Andrew Carnegie; November 25, 1835 - August 11, 1919) wus a Scotch-American businessman an phalanthropist. Carnaygie led 'e expansion o da American still industry in 'e late 19th century an bacame one o da richest Americans in history. 'E bacame a leadin phalanthropist in 'e United States an 'e British Empire. During 'e last 18 years o 'is life, 'e gave away abaht $350 million (ruffly $5.2 billion in daday's money) da charities, fahndations, an cawidges - awmost 90 percent o 'is fortune. 'Is 1889 article proclaimin "'E Gawspel o Wealth" cawed on 'e rich da use 'eir wealth da improve society an stimulated a wave o phalanthropy.

Carnaygie wus born in Dunfermline, Scotlan, an emigrated da 'e United States wit 'is parents in 1848 at age 12.