Wp/enm/Welsh alphabet

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Þe Welſh alphabet is þat alphabet emploied in þe writyng of þe Welſh langage. It haþ eghte and twenti ſtaves. Sume ben twifolde, bute me holdeth hem here owen ſtaf. Heer biþ þe Welſh alphabet, after his cuſtumable ordinaunce:

   a b c ch d dd e f ff g h i (j) (k) l ll m n ng o p ph (q) r rh s t th u (v) w (x) y (z)


Þo ſtaves þat ben enbraced wyth () ben emploied noght buten in lon-wordes.

Ech ſtaf haþ his soun, or sounes, al so foleweth:


a bitokneth þe soun /a/ or /a:/

b bitokneth þe soun /b/

c bitokneth þe soun /k/

ch bitokneth þe soun /χ/ or /x/

d bitokneth þe soun /d/

dd bitokneth þe soun /ð/

e bitokneth þe soun /ɛ/ or /e:/

f bitokneth þe soun /v/

ff bitokneth þe soun /f/

h bitokneth þe soun /h/

i bitokneth þe soun /i:/ or /ɪ/

j bitokneth þe soun /ʤ/

l bitokneth þe soun /l/

ll bitokneth þe soun /ɬ/

m bitokneth þe soun /m/

n bitokneth þe soun /n/

ng bitokneth þe soun /ŋ/

o bitokneth þe soun /ɔ/ or /o:/

p bitokneth þe soun /p/

ph bitokneth þe soun /f/

r bitokneth þe soun /ɾ/ or /r/

rh bitokneth þe soun /r̥/

s bitokneth þe soun /s/

t bitokneth þe soun /t/

th bitokneth þe soun /θ/

u bitokneth þe soun /i:/ or /ɪ/ or /ɨ/ or /ɨ:/

w bitokneth þe soun /u:/ or /ʊ/ or /w/

y bitokneth þe soun /i/ or /ɨ/ or /ɪ/ or /ə/


For his emploi of w and y as vowles, and ek for swiche cliſtres whiche ngh at a wordes angin, or nh or mh, me holdeth oft Welſh to arveth to pronowncen.