I this context Northumbria is tyen te mean Northumberland, the northrenmyest coonty on England, an Coonty Durham. Accordin te 'World Music: The region is weel-knawn for itsballad ballad tradition, the Northumbrian smaapipes (a mack o bagpipe that is unique te the twe coonties) an a strang fiddle tradition 'at wes aariddy weel-established bi the 1690s. Northumbrian music hes tyen a sartain amoont ov influence frae music frev other airts, abuin aa frae the sooth o Scotland, other pairts o Northren England, an frev Irish immigrants an aa.
Local musical forms an styles
Northumbria shares wi the Scottish mairches a lang history o border ballads, sic as 'The Ballad o Chevy Chase'. It hes its awn macks o foak dances forby, sic as the rapper dancin an the Durham an Northumberland style o clog dancing. Northumbrian dance music is varra different iv its style te the music 'at is fund iv other parits ov England. It is mair siccan-like tiv Irish an Scottish dance music an dances frae the twe coonties hes the kenspeckle rant step.
Mony tunes is fund iv other regions ov England or other nations an aa, hooivver thor is offins a difference atween a Northumbrian vorsion ov a sang an variants on't frev other airts. The Irish tune, 'The Chorus Jig', 'at hes three strains, is fund i the Northumbrian tradition as 'Holey Haapenny', an ornate five-strain variation set. A Scottish strathspey, 'Struan Robertson's Rant' appears, withoot the Scotch snap, as a smaapipe tune caa'd 'Cuckold cum oot o the Amrey', a lang variation set. Thor twe examples shows hoo we cannet give a sartain regional origin tiv an aud sang; ilk can be played wiv a primitive instrument, an may hae been played for as lang afore the forst publication, as they hae been sin-syne. Assumptions o regional origins can gan agyen the study o music unnertyen biv enthusiastic musicians ('at may folla thor awn allegiances) hooivver regional vorsions an styles (sic as Northumbrian) is nobbut a different matter aategither, acause they hae reliable established sources.
Tunes i hornpipe rhythm is weel appreciated i the region, byeth for playin an for dancin, particularly clog dancin. Yen rhythm 'at is popular i the region is the rant, used for figur dances sic as The Morpeth Rant wiv a characteristic step; musically it is sic-like tiv a reel, though a bittie slawer, an wi mair ov a lilt tid.
- J. Reed, Border Ballads: a Selection (Routledge, 2004).
- S. Broughton, M. Ellingham, R. Trillo, O. Duane, V. Dowell, World Music: The Rough Guide (Rough Guides, 1999), p. 66.